Cloth Diaper 101
Terms: What do they mean?
One-Size diaper - All of the aforementioned styles can be one-size diapers. These are adjustable so that they are adjustable in size so they will fit from infancy through potty training, Depending on the brand, they have different adjustment systems, such as elastic leg and waist adjustments or snaps along the front cover. One-size diapers are popular because they are economical since you will not need to purchase new sizes as your child grows.
All-In-One - A diaper that where the waterproof part and the absorbent part are sewn together in one piece that does not come apart. These diapers are super easy to use, and often a good option for reluctant family or caregivers, however, they lack customizable absorbency and they take very long to dry.
Pocket Diaper - A two piece system, one being your waterproof pocket, the second piece is an insert you stuff into the pocket for absorbency. Offers versatility of absorbency and ease-of-use, once stuffed will go on as one piece and come off as one piece.. Change entire diaper at each changing, easily stuffed with more inserts for older babies and nighttime.
Insert - This is the absorbent part of the diaper, made from microfiber, hemp, cotton, etc. And are typically used to stuff pocket diapers. Inserts made from natural fibers can be simply lain in a waterproof cover.
Snaps Closures - Snaps are another popular diaper fastener, preferred for their durability and resistance to diaper-bandit toddler fingers.
Hook and Loop Closures - Hook and loop is a type of closure also referred to as Velcro or Aplix. Hook and loop closures make diaper changes quick and provide an amazingly snug fit. It is often considered to be daddy-friendly or day care friendly.
Bamboo Charcoal - Bamboo Charcoal is made of bamboo by means of a pyrolysis process. It is known to have high porosity. Various impurities or foreign matter will be absorbed over the wide surface area of the charcoal. When air passes over, if the humidity is high, the charcoal will absorb the moisture and the air will be converted to dry air. If the air is too dry, then the charcoal will discharge its own moisture, thus adjusting the humidity in the air.
Suede Cloth - This material is synthetic and made from polyester. Suede Cloth fabric wicks moisture away from baby's skin and give the inside of a cloth diaper a stay-dry feel. It remains smooth after many washes.
TPU - TPU stands for thermoplastic polyurethane. It requires a heat bond (instead of a chemical bond like PUL) and is claimed to be biodegradable. It feels softer and less plasticky as compared to PUL. Caution should be used when washing TPU; it is recommended to wash/dry on med/low heat instead of hot.
Cloth Diaper Washing
All cloth diapers should be pre-washed before using so the diapers fluff up and achieve optimal softness and absorbency. Diapers containing synthetic fabrics TPU, microfiber, etc should be washed at least once before use. Warm or hot water with detergent works best. Prep all bamboo, charcoal bamboo, and charcoal bamboo/microfiber blends should be washed separately from other products at least 6 times before use to strip the natural oils and reach full absorbency.
Cold water wash/pre-rinse cycle with no detergent.
Hot water wash (60C/140F max) with detergent.
Extra rinse cycle if necessary.
Tumble dry low or line dry.
Please avoid using water temperatures higher than 130F for any item with components such as hook and loop, elastic, and laminate.
Use a cloth diaper safe detergent that doesn’t contain additives such as bleach, fabric softeners, pure soap, brighteners, and dyes. These can not only harm your diapers but also your baby's sensitive skin and in many cases will void your warranty.
Hard water is caused by compounds of calcium and magnesium. For hard water the use of additional detergent or Calgon water softener may be needed. Be sure to rinse thoroughly!